We social citizenship The Keynesian whatsapp phone number list Welfare State was inscribed in a double institutional coordinate: (a) a model of representative democracy, with limited processes of citizen participation in the elaboration whatsapp phone number list of policies, which forged a scheme of electoral aggregation of preferences, with a strong delegative bias towards a professionalized political sphere that makes decisions outside of citizen involvement; (b) a socio-bureaucratic scheme of public management that inherits the Weberian whatsapp phone number list organizational dogmas: clear segmentation between public and private sector.
A rigid administrative whatsapp phone number list structures (hierarchy, specialization and centralization), standardized offer of services alien to logics of differentiation and professional paternalism that relegates citizens to the condition of whatsapp phone number list passive administrators. Both coordinates are related: a low-quality participatory democracy fits well with a low-intensity deliberative administration. And all this within a framework of an industrial society that is not very complex and stabilized around the welfare contract. Towards the end of the 20th century , the mercantilizing offensive designed, at the administrative level, the whatsapp phone number list scheme of the New Public Agenda ( New Public Management ): transfer of business logic to the public sphere, outsourcing and substitution of citizens for clients.
Today, in the 21st century, the whatsapp phone number list reconstruction of social citizenship faces the challenge of promoting the turn towards the common: overcoming both the Fordist-Keynesian bureaucratic monopolism and the New Neoliberal Public Management and converting social rights into areas of democratic deepening. Participatory whatsapp phone number list and relational governance implies policies that generate active democracy, reconfigured services as common goods, and citizen practices as spaces for the self-management of rights. It supposes a public sphere articulated by public-community networks, co-production whatsapp phone number list processes and social innovation initiatives, governance aimed at structuring the common rather than managing bureaucracies.